Título completo: HACKERS’ WARS How the FBI, Pentagon, NATO and technologists staged the Arab Spring and resulting coups and wars
Autor: Joanna Bell
Fragmento original: ABSTRACT
Draft of a working paper arguing that the Arab Spring and its resulting coups and wars across the Middle East were orchestrated by US law enforcement, intelligence, and the military establishment with the willing and knowing cooperation of hacker groups like Anonymous, big technology companies, major media outlets and major policy institutions.
The paper looks at current events, social media, scholarly publications, cyber technology, and media trends, adapting an approach of cyber-realism within Max Weber's political theory of monopolies on violence and legitimate infringements to the Arab Spring conversation. This approach emphasizes technical aspects and larger trends in cyber-politics, current events as products of the US wargame and intelligence industries, and Clausewitz’s social structure of war triad in political science theory (identifying those with end-to-end control of the popular passions, operational instruments, and policy decisions of war). All of these aspects are considered in order to give this essay ‘teeth’ and give a timely answer to the current international security crises of media revolutions and cyberterrorism.